The military and para-military groups brought a garrison character to the capital. One of them, Nico Wijnen, who worked with him illegally during the war, called him a born teacher: someone who gave himself too little credit because of his desire to help others, and someone who on the outside stayed calm and patient, but in fact was all nerves.
Samson, Tolud, Wittenberg, Wolff) Surinam jazz-musicians in The Netherlands (1940-1945) (van Kleef, Johnson) Surinam Jews, who died in Holocaust and war (R. A small number of Surinamese worked as naval men to protect the harbour. During speeches De Kom greatly impressed young communists, whom he met at an equal basis.
They wore non-traditional clothes like trousers and overalls. By common assent the subscription was started to 'Wij slaven van Suriname'.
Heinrich Helstone remembers that the women's unit, shortened as BBM, also was translated to mean 'Bigi Bille' of 'Bigi Bobi' Girls. At the national congress of 'Links Richten', at the end of May, De Kom was welcomed with the 'International' song and chosen as an editor.
About 200 volunteers reported as 'gunners' on merchant ships or to guard the Paramaribo harbour. More about ANTON DE KOM Lodewijk Alphonsus Maria (Lou) Lichtveld (Paramaribo 1903-Amsterdam 1996), better known by his writers-name Albert Helman, descended from the colored elite of Suriname. As a twelve year old boy Lodewijk came to Holland for a study to become a priest (at the famous boarding school Rolduc, also small-seminarium of the diocese of Roermond. He attended a musical education and worked as an organ-player and composer. Here he received an education as a teacher and he also studied music.
'Gunners' After the occupation of the Netherlands-Indies by Japan early 1942, the government appealed directly to young Surinam men to join the fleet. Since his banishment from Surinam De Kom was unable to find a job. De Kom worked on at least two novels and at a film script. Later on a selection from his poems was compiled in Strijden ga ik ('Battle I will', Leiden 1969).
Apart from the Surinam and Dutch units and the 2.000 US-military, there also was a group marines from the Netherlands Indies, who had traveled as guards with the earlier mentioned 146 detainees from the Netherlands Indies. This happened accompanied by music, but not without corrections in his text by order of the Radio Broadcast Supervision Committee.
Other women entered service, mainly as nurses, in the Women's KNIL Corps. The soldiers needed girls to dance with (also see section 'Verhalen' (Stories) on this site). In summer 1941 Hugo Pos attracted 400, mostly creoles, as volunteers for the Dutch Legion. In the pre-publication 'Our heroes' in 'Links Richten' of May 1933 he held up as an example the around 1769 successful, but in history ignored freedom fighters Boni, Baron and Joli-Coeur to the Dutch proletarians: 'you, who aren't part of the debt of the oppressors, because you were oppressed yourselves, will love the advocates for our freedom and their portraits will be carried with you in your parades next to those of Lenin on the day, the huge balance with capitalism has been cleared'. Later on Jef Last gave the impression that he was the actual author of the book.
And also 'Are there more punished / then they report to the guard / they must get out / they must get out'. 'For me it was all about organization, not a bloodbath.' This was exactly the danger to happen because of the provocative attitude from the police on 1 February.
The children sang songs along with the trumpet: 'the doctor's here / the doctor's here / the doctor's HERE'. He firmly declined the offer from the maroons to provide him with weapons.
The plaque at the Waterkant lists 29 names of sailors, most of them from gunners (see below). For the NRC and the Groene Amsterdammer (Dutch newspapers) he reported about the struggle for survival of the republic against fascism.
During the war 48 ships from the KNSM (Royal Dutch Shipping Company) were sunk; as a result 247 crew lost their lives. He would write a lot more novels, essays and poems. During the civil war he choose part (and fought with) the Republicans.